Bibliography on class
in film and media studies

by Terri Ginsberg, Chuck Kleinhans, and Dennis Broe

1. Film and class politics
2. Marxist film theory and the critical tradition
3. Critical cultural film studies
4. Film, race, and class
5. Film, gender and sexuality, and class
6. Class politics and national cinemas
7. Media and class politics

Interdisciplinary class theory and analysis

8. Marxism
9. Political economy and sociology
10. Labor unions and class struggle
11. Race, ethnicity, colonialism
12. Feminism, sexuality, and class
13. Cultural theory and class
14. Ideologies and pedagogies of class

Editors' note: This bibliography was compiled by members of the Society for Film and Media Studies Caucus on Class. The caucus has a useful web site, including many related web links. See http://terri1.home.mindspring.com

1. Film and class politics

Alexander, William. Film on the Left: American Documentary Film from 1931 to 1942 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1981).

Beach, Christopher. Class, Language, and American Film Comedy (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Bodner, John. Blue-Collar Hollywood: Liberalism, Democracy, and Working People in American Film (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002).

Booker, Keith M. Film and the American Left: A Research Guide (Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Press, 1999).

Boozer, Jack. Career Movies: American Business and the Success Mystique (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2002).

Buford, Kate. Burt Lancaster: An American Life (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000).

Buhle, Paul and Dave Wagner. Blacklisted: The Film Lover's Guide to the Hollywood Blacklist (New York and Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003).

---. Hide in Plain Sight: The Hollywood Blacklistees in Film and Television, 1950-2002 (New York and Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003).

---. Radical Hollywood: The Untold Story Behind America's Favorite Movies (New York: The New Press, 2002).

---. A Very Dangerous Citizen: Abraham Lincoln Polonsky and the Hollywood Left (Berkeley and London: University of California Press, 2001).

Campbell, Russell. Cinema Strikes Back: Radical Filmmaking in the United States 1930-1942 (Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1982).

Carr, Gary. The Left Side of Paradise: The Screenwriting of John Howard Lawson (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1984).

Ceplair, Larry. The Inquisition in Hollywood: Politics in the Film Community 1930-1960 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983).

Clark, Danae. Negotiating Hollywood: The Cultural Politics of Actors' Labor (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995).

Cogley, John. Report on Blacklisting (New York: Fund for the Republic, 1956).

Davis, Mike. City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles (New York: Vintage Books, 1992).

Dick, Bernard F. Radical Innocence: A Critical Study of the Hollywood Ten (Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky Press, 1989).

Fauss, Richard. A Bibliography of Labor History in Newsfilm (Morgantown, W. Va.: Institute for Labor Studies, Division of Social and Economic Development, Center for Extension and Continuing Education, West Virginia University, 1980).

Foley, Karen Sue. The Political Blacklist in the Broadcast Industry: The Decade of the 1950s (New York: Arno Press, 1979).

Friedrich, Otto. City of Nets: A Portrait of Hollywood in the 1940s (New York: Harper and Row, 1987).

Giroux, Henry A. Breaking in to the Movies: Film and the Culture of Politics (Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2002).

Godard, Jean-Luc. Godard on Godard. Trans. and ed. Tom Milne (New York: Da Capo, 1972).

Gordon, Bernard. Hollywood Exile; Or, How I Learned to Love the Blacklist (University of Texas Press, Austin, 1999).

Hapke, Laura. Labor's Text: The Worker in American Fiction (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2001).

---. Sweatshop: The History of an American Idea (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2004).

Harvey, Sylvia. May '68 and Film Culture (London: BFI, 1980).

Horne, Gerald. Class Struggle in Hollywood, 1930-1950: Moguls, Mobsters, Stars, Reds, & Trade Unionists (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2001).

Izzo, David Garrett, ed. Advocates and Activists, 1919-1941: Men and Women Who Shaped the Period Between the Wars (West Cornwall, CT: Locust Hill Press, 2003).

James, David E. Allegories of Cinema: American Film in the Sixties (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989).

James, David E. and Rick Berg, eds. The Hidden Foundation: Cinema and the Question of Class (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 1996).

Kellner, Douglas and Dan Streible, eds., Emile de Antonio: A Reader (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 2000).

Lewis, Randolph. Emile de Antonio: Radical Filmmaker in Cold War America (Madison, WI and London: University of Wisconsin Press, 2000).

Lorence, James J. The Suppression of Salt of the Earth: How Hollywood, Big Labor, and Politicians Blacklisted a Movie in Cold War America (Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1999).

Mann, Glen. Radical Visions: American Film Renaissance, 1967-1976 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994).

May, Lary. The Big Tomorrow: Hollywood and the Politics of the American Way (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000).

McGilligan, Patrick and Paul Buhle. Tender Comrades: A Backstory of the Hollywood Blacklist (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997).

Michalczyk, John J. Costa-Gavras, the Political Fiction Film (Philadelphia: Art Alliance Press; London and Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses, 1984).

Muscio, Giuliana. Hollywood's New Deal (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1997).

Navasky, Victor S. Naming Names (New York: Viking Press, 1980).

Neve, Brian. Film and Politics in America: A Social Tradition (New York and London: Routledge, 1992).

Nielsen, Mike and Gene Mailes. Hollywood's Other Blacklist: Union Struggles in the Studio System (London: BFI, 1995).

Prindle, D. F. Risky Business: The Political Economy of Hollywood (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993).

Rabinowitz, Paula. Black and White and Noir: America's Pulp Modernism (New York and Chichester, UK: Columbia University Press, 2002).

---. They Must Be Represented: The Politics of Documentary (New York and London: Verso, 1994).

Roffman, Peter and Purdy, Jim. The Hollywood Social Problem Film: Madness, Despair and Politics from the Depression to the Fifties (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1981).

Ross, Steven J. Working-class Hollywood: Silent Film and the Shaping of Class in America (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998).

Ryan, Michael and Douglas Kellner. Camera Politica: The Politics and Ideology of Contemporary Hollywood Film (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988).

Saudners, Frances Stonor. The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters (New York: New Press, 1999).

Sayre, Nora. Running Time: Films of the Cold War (New York: Dial Press, 1978).

Schwartz, Sheila. The Hollywood Writers Wars (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982).

Shindler, Colin. Hollywood in Crisis: Cinema and American Society 1929-39 (New York: Routledge, 1996).

Shull, Michael Slade. Radicalism in American Silent Films, 1909-1929: A Filmography and History (Jefferson, NC and London: McFarland, 2000).

Stead, Peter. Film and the Working Class: the Feature Film in British and American Society (New York and London: Routledge, 1989).

Thesing, William B., ed. Caverns of Night: Coal Mines in Art, Literature, and Film (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2000).

Walsh, David. Hollywood Honors Elia Kazan, Filmmaker & Informer (Oak Park, M: Mehring Books, 1999).

Waugh, Thomas, ed. "Show Us Life": Towards a History and Aesthetics of the Committed Documentary (Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1984).

Zaniello, Tom. Working Stiffs, Union Maids, Reds, and Riffraff: An Expanded Guide to Films about Labor (Ithaca: ILR/Cornell University Press, 2003).

2. Marxist film theory and the critical tradition

Althusser, Louis. Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays. Trans. Ben Brewster (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1971).

Balász, Béla. Theory of the Film: Character and Growth of a New Art. Trans. Edith Bone (1952; New York: Dover, 1970).

Benjamin, Walter. The Arcades Project. Trans. Howard Eiland and Kevin McLaughlin. Ed. Rolf Tiedemann (Cambridge, MA: Belknap/Harvard University Press, 1999)

Berger, John et al. Ways of Seeing (London: BBC; Penguin Books, 1972).

Bürger, Peter. Theory of the Avant-Garde. Trans. Michael Shaw (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984).

Cha, Theresa Hak Kyung. Apparatus: Cinematographic Apparatus: Selected Writings (New York: Tanam Press, 1980).

Debord, Guy. Society of the Spectacle (Detroit: Black & Red, 1983).

Eisenstein, Sergei M. Film Form: Essays in Film Theory. Trans. and ed. Jay Leyda (New York, London, and San Diego: Harcourt, 1949).

---. The Film Sense. Trans. and ed. Jay Leyda (New York, London, and San Diego: Harcourt, 1947).

Horkheimer, Max, and Theodor W. Adorno. Dialectic of Enlightenment: Philosophical Fragments, trans. John Cumming (New York: Continuum, 1972).

Jameson, Fredric. Signatures of the Visible (New York and London: Routledge, 1990).

---. The Geopolitical Aesthetic: Cinema and Space in the World System (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press; London: BFI, 1992).

Kirby, Lynne. Parallel Tracks: The Railroad and Silent Cinema. (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997).

Kracauer, Siegfried. Theory of Film: The Redemption of Physical Reality (1960; Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997).

---. The Mass Ornament: Weimar Essays. Trans. and ed. Thomas Y. Levin (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 1995).

Lovell, Terry. Pictures of Reality: Aesthetics, Politics and Pleasure (London: BFI, 1983).

MacCabe, Colin. Tracking the Signifier: Theoretical Essays: Film, Linguistics, Literature (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1985).

McGee, Patrick. Cinema, Theory, and Political Responsibility in Contemporary Culture (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Michelson, Annette, ed. Kino-Eye: The Writings of Dziga Vertov. Trans. Kevin O'Brien (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1984).

Porton, Richard. Film and the Anarchist Imagination (New York and London: Verso, 1999).

Richter, Gerhard, ed. Benjamin's Ghosts: Interventions in Contemporary Literary and Cultural Theory (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002).

Rosen, Philip, ed. Narrative, Apparatus, Ideology: A Film Theory Reader (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986).

Schivelbusch, Wolfgang. The Railway Journey: The Industrialization of Time and Space in the 19th Century (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1977).

Stam, Robert. Reflexivity in Film and Literature: From Don Quixote to Jean-Luc Godard (Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1985).

Walsh, Martin. The Brechtian Aspect of Radical Cinema (London: BFI, 1981).

Zavarzadeh, Mas'ud. Seeing Films Politically (Albany: SUNY Press, 1991).

Zemon, Natalie Davis. Slaves on Screen: Film and Historical Vision (Toronto: Vintage Canada, 2000).

3. Critical cultural film studies

Bell, Elizabeth, Lynda Haas, and Laura Sells, eds. From Mouse to Mermaid: The Politics of Film, Gender, and Culture (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1995).

Bennett, Tony, ed. Outside Literature (New York and London: Routledge, 1990).

Denning, Michael. Cultural Front: The Laboring of American Culture in the Twentieth Century (New York: Verso, 1996).

Dixon, Wheeler Winston. Film and the Apocalypse: Spectacles of Destruction in American Cinema (London: Wallflower Press, 2003).

Hall, Stuart (ed.), Culture, Media, Language: Working Papers in Cultural Studies, 1972-79 (London: Taylor & Francis, 1980).

Dorfman, Ariel and Armand Mattelart. How to Read Donald Duck: Imperialist Ideology in the Disney Comic. Trans. David Kunzle (New York: International General, 1991).

Dyer, Richard. Heavenly Bodies, Film Stars, and Society (New York: St. Martin's, 1986).

---. Stars. 2nd ed. (London: BFI, 1998).

Heffernan, Nick. Capital, Class, and Technology in Contemporary American Culture (London: Pluto Press, 2002).

Hesmondhalgh, David. The Cultural Industries (London: Sage, 2002).

James, David E. Power Misses: Essays Across (Un)Popular Culture (New York and London: Verson, 1996).

Jameson, Frederic. The Geopolitical Aesthetic: Cinema and Space in the World System (London: BFI, 1995).. 

Landy, Marcia. Film, Politics, and Gramsci (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 1994).

Lipsitz, George. Rainbow at Midnight: Labor and Culture in the 1940s (Urbana: University of Chicago Press, 1994).

Sharrett, Christopher, ed. Crisis Cinema: The Apocalyptic Idea in Postmodern Narrative Film (Washington, D.C.: Maisonneuve Press, 1993).

Wells, Paul. Animation and America (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press; Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2002).

4. Film, race & class

Baker, Aaron. Contesting Identities: Sports in American Film (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2003).

Bandhu, Pranjali. Black and White of Cinema in India (Thiruvananthapuram: Odyssey, 1992).

Churchill, Ward. Fantasies of the Master Race: Literature, Cinema and the Colonization of American Indians (Boston: Common Courage Press, 1992).

Dorinson, Joseph and William Pencak, eds. Paul Robeson--Essays on His Life and Legacy (Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2002).

Green, Ronald J. Straight Lick: The Cinema of Oscar Micheaux (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2000).

hooks, bell. race, sex and class at the movies (New York: Routledge, 1996).

Kelley, Robin D. G. Race Rebels: Culture, Politics, and the Black Working Class (New York: Free Press and Maxwell Macmillan International; Toronto: Maxwell Macmillan Canada, 1994).

Jewell, Sue K. From Mammy to Miss America And Beyond: Cultural Images and the Shaping of U.S. Social Policy (New York: Routledge, 1993).

Petty, Sheila, ed. A Call to Action: The Films of Ousmane Sembene (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996).

Rogin, Michael. Black Face, White Noise: Jewish Immigrants in the Hollywood Melting Pot (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1996).

Snead, James. White Screens, Black Images: Hollywood from the Dark Side. Eds. Colin MacCabe and Cornel West (New York and London: Routledge, 1994).

Watkins, S. Craig. Representing: Hip Hop Culture and the Production of Black Cinema (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998).

5. Film, gender and sexuality, and class

Coward, Rosalind. Female Desires: How They are Sought, Bought, and Packaged (New York: Grove Press, 1985).

Hollinger, Karen. In the Company of Women: Contemporary Female Friendship Films (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998).

Jinhua, Dai. Cinema and Desire: Feminist Marxism and Cultural Politics in the Work of Dai Jinhua. Eds. Jing Wang and Tani E. Barlow (London: Verso, 2002).

Kibbey, Ann. Theory of the Image: Capitalism, Contemporary Film, and Women (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2004).

Krutnik, Frank. In a Lonely Street: Film, Genre, Masculinity (London: Routledge, 1991).

Kuhn, Annette. Women's Pictures: Feminism and Cinema, 2nd ed. (New York and London: Verso, 1994).

---. The Power of the Image: Essays on Representation and Sexuality (Boston and London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1985).

Meyers, Marian. Mediated Women: Representations in Popular Culture (Cresskill, N.J.: Hampton Press, 1999).

Rabinovitz, Lauren. Points of Resistance: Women, Power and Politics in the New York Avant-garde Cinema, 1943-71 (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1991).

Rose, Jacqueline. Sexuality in the Field of Vision (London: Verso, 1986).

Rosenfelt, Deborah. Salt of the Earth (New York: Feminist Press, 1978).

Singer, Beverly R. Working Girls: Gender and Sexuality in Popular Cinema (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press).

Tinkom, Matthew. Working Like a Homosexual: Camp, Capital, Cinema (Durham and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2002).

Watney, Simon. Policing Desire: Pornography, AIDS, and the Media, 3rd ed. (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996).

6. Class politics and national cinemas

Cohen, Louis Harris. The Cultural-political Traditions and Developments of the Soviet Cinema, 1917-1972 (New York: Arno Press, 1974).

Gillett, Philip J. The British Working Class in Postwar Film (Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 2003).

Ginsberg, Terri and Kirsten Moana Thompson, eds. Perspectives on German Cinema (New York and London: G. K. Hall/Prentice Hall International, 1996).

Goulding, Daniel J., ed. Post New Wave Cinema in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1989).

Kuoshu, Harry H., ed. Celluloid China: Cinematic Encounters with Culture and Society (Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 2002).

Liehm, Mira and Antonin J. Liehm. The Most Important Art: Soviet and Eastern European Film After 1945 (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1977).

Over, William. Social Justice in World Cinema and Theatre (Westport, CT and London: Ablex Publishers, 2001).

Pines, Jim and Paul Willimen, eds. Questions of Third Cinema (London: BFI, 1989).

Prasad, M. Madhava. Ideology of the Hindi Film: A Historical Construction (Oxford and New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Rowbotham, Sheila and Huw Beynon, eds. Looking at Class: Film, Television and the Working Class in Britain (London and New York: Rivers Oram Press, 2001).

Schnitzler, Luda, Jean Schnitzler, and Marcel Martin, eds. Cinema in Revolution: The Heroic Era of the Soviet Film. Trans. David Robinson (New York: Da Capo Press, 1973).

Shohat, Ella. Israeli Cinema: East/West and the Politics of Representation (Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1989).

Slavin, David H. Colonial Cinema and Imperial France, 1919-1939: White Blind Spots, Male Fantasies, Settler Myths (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001).

Stam, Robert and Randal Johnson, eds. Brazilian Cinema (1982; Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1988).

Taylor, R. and I. Christie, eds. The Film Factory: Russian and Soviet Cinema in Documents, 1896-1939 (Cmbridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988).

Ukadike, Nwachukwu Frank. Black African Cinema (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1994).

Vasudevan, Ravi S., ed. Making Meaning in Indian Cinema (Oxford and New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Vieira, João Luiz, ed. Cinema Novo and Beyond. Trans. Steve Hanley (West Haven, CT: Herlin Press, 1998).

Wayne, Mike. Political Film: The Dialectics of Third Cinema (London and Sterling, VA: Pluto Press, 2001).

Xavier, Ismail. Allegories of Underdevelopment: Aesthetics and Politics in Modern Brazilian Cinema (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 1997).

Youngblood, Denise Jeanne. Soviet Cinema in the Silent Era, 1918-1935 (Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1985).

7. Media and class politics

Albarran, A. B., and D. H. Goff, eds. Understanding the Web: Social, Political, and Economic Dimensions of the Internet (Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 2000).

---. Global Media Economics: Commercialization, Concentration and Integration of World Media Markets (Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press, 1998).

Alger, D. Megamedia: How Giant Corporations Dominate Mass Media, Distort Competition, and Endanger Democracy (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998).

Andersen, Robin. Consumer Culture and TV Programming (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995).

Artz, Lee and Yahya R. Kamalipour, eds. The Globalization of Corporate Media Hegemony (Albany: SUNY Press, 2003).

Bagdikian, Ben H. The Media Monopoly. 6th ed. (Boston: Beacon Press, 2000).

Barnouw, Erik et al. Conglomerates and the Media (New York: The New Press, 1997).

Beck, Andrew, ed. Cultural Work: Understanding the Cultural Industries (New York and London: Routledge, 2003).

Blue, Howard. Words at War: World War II Era Radio Drama and the Postwar Broadcasting Industry Blacklist (Lanham, MD and London: Scarecrow Press, 2002).

Bourdieu, Pierre. On Television. Trans. Priscilla Parkhurst Ferguson (New York: The New Press, 1996).

Chomsky, Noam. Media Control: The Spectacular Achievements of Propaganda (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002).

Curran, James. Media and Power (London: Routledge, 2002).

Downing, John D. H. et al. Radical Media: Rebellious Communication and Social Movements (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2001).

Dyer-Witherford, Nick. Cyber-Marx: Cycles and Circuits of Struggle in High-Technology Capitalism (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1999).

Ebo, B. Cyberimperialism? Global Relations in the New Electronic Frontier (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001).

Gershon, R. A. The Transnational Media Corporation: Global Messages and Free Market Competition (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1996).

Goodman, Amy. The Exception to the Rulers: Exposing Oily Politicians, War Profiteers, and the Media That Love Them (New York: Hyperion Books, 2004).

Harris, Dan. The New Media Book (London: BFI, 2002).

Herman, Edward S. and Noam Chomsky. Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media (New York: Pantheon, 1988).

Herman, Edward S. and Robert W. McChesney. The Global Media: The New Missionaries of Corporate Capitalism (London: Continuum Publishers, 1997).

Jordan, Tim. Cyberpower (New York: Routledge, 1999).

Kelly, Norman, ed. Rhythm and Business: The Political Economy of Black Music (Akashic Books, 2002).

Lee, C. C. Media Imperialism Reconsidered: The Homogenizing of Television Culture (Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, 1980).

Mattelart, Armand. Advertising International: The Privatisation of Public Space. Trans. Michael Chanan (New York and London: Routledge, 1991).

---. The Invention of Communication. Trans. Susan Emanuel (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 1996).

---. Multinational Corporations and the Control of Culture: The Ideological Apparatuses of Imperialism. Trans. Michael Chanan (Sussex: Harvester Press; Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1982).

---. Networking the World, 1794-2000. Trans. Liz Carey-Libbrecht and James A. Cohen (Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 2000).

Mattelart, Armand and S. Seigelaub, eds. Communication and Class Struggle, Vol. 1: Capitalism, Imperialism (New York: International General, 1979).

---. Communication and Class Struggle, Vol. 2: Liberation, Socialism (New York: International General, 1983).

Mattelart, Michèle and Armand Mattelart. The Carnival of Images: Brazilian Television Fiction. Trans. David Buxton (New York: Bergin and Garvey, 1990).

---. Theories of Communication: A Short Introduction. Trans. Susan Gruenheck Taponier and James A. Cohen (London and Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1998).

Maxwell, Richard, ed. Culture Works: Essays on the Political Economy of Culture (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001).

McCarthy, Anna. Ambient Television: Visual Culture and Public Space (Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press, 2001).

McChesney, Robert W. Corporate Media and the Threat to Democracy (New York: Seven Stories Press, 1997).

---. Rich Media, Poor Democracy: Communication Politics in Dubious Times (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999).

---. Telecommunications, Mass Media, and Democracy: The Battle for the Control of U.S. Broadcasting, 1928-1935 (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993).

McChesney, Robert W. and John Nichols. It's the Media, Stupid (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2000).

---. Our Media, Noth Theirs: The Democratic Struggle Against Corporate Media (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002).

McChesney, Robert W., Ellen Meiksins Wood, and and John Bellamy Foster, eds. Capitalism and the Information Age: The Political Economy of the Global Communication Revolution (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1998).

Mitchell, Tony. Global Noise: Rap and Hip Hop Outside the U.S. (Middleton, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2002).

Mowlana, H. Global Media in Transition: The End of Diversity? (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1996).

Mosco, Vincent, and Janet Wasko, eds. The Political Economy of Information (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988).

Ohmann, Richard. Selling Culture: Magazines, Markets, and Class at the Turn of the Century (New York: Verso, 1996).

Parenti, Christian. The Soft Cage: Surveillance in America from Slave Passes to the War on Terror (New York: Basic Books, 2003).

Perelman, Michael. Class Warfare in the Information Age (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998).

Rampton, Sheldon, and John Stauber. Weapons of Mass Deception: The Uses of Propaganda in Bush's War on Iraq (New York: Taucher/Penguin, 2003).

Rose, Tricia. Black Noise (Middleton, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1994).

Ruggiero, Greg. Microradio and Democracy: (Low) Power to the People (New York: Seven Stories Press, 1999). 

Schechter, Danny. The More You Watch, the Less You Know: News Wars/[sub]Merged Hopes/Media Adventures (New York: Seven Stories Press, 1997).

Schiller, Herbert I. Culture, Inc. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).

---. The Mind Managers (Boston: Beacon Press, 1973).

Sharrett, Christopher, ed. Mythologies of Violence in Postmodern Media (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1999).

Smythe, Dallas W. Dependency Road: Communications, capitalism, Consciousness, and Canada (Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing Corp., 1981).

Smulyan, Susan. Selling Radio: The Commercialization of American Broadcasting, 1920-1934 (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1994).

Stabile, Carole A., ed. Turning the Century: Essays in Media and Cultural Studies (Boulder, CO and Oxford: Westview Press, 2000).

Tehranian, M. Global Communication and World Politics: Domination, Development, and Discourse (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1999).

Thornton, Sarah. Club Cultures: Music, Media and Subcultural Capital (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995).

Thussu, D. K. Electronic Empires: Global Media and Local Resistance (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Wasko, Janet. Hollywood in the Information Age (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994).

Wasko, Janet, and Vincent Mosco, eds. The Political Economy of Information (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988).

---. Movies and Money (Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing, 1982).

Wayne, Mike. Marxism and Media Studies (London: Pluto Press, 2003).

Wyatt, J. High Concept: Movies and Marketing in Hollywood (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994).

Interdisciplinary class theory and analysis

8. Marxism

Althusser, Louis. For Marx. Trans. Ben Brewster (London: New Left Books, 1977).

Day, Gary. Class (New York: Routledge, 2001).

Mandel, Ernst. Late Capitalism. Rev. ed. Trans. Joris De Bres (London: New Left Books; Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1975.

Marx, Karl. Capital: A Critique of Political Economy. Vols. 1-3. Trans. Samuel Moore and Edward Aveling. Ed. Frederick Engels (New York: International Publishers, 1967).

Ollman, Bertell. Alienation: Marx's Conception of Man in Capitalist Society (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1971).

Suchting, W. A. Marx: An Introduction (New York: New York University Press, 1983).

Thompson, E. P. The Making of the English Working Class (New York: Vintage, 1966).

Wallerstein, Immanuel M. The Modern World-System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the Capitalist World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. Vols. 1-2 (New York: Academic Press, 1976-80).

Wood, Ellen Meiksens. The Origin of Capitalism: A Longer View (London and New York: Verso, 2002).

Wright, Erik Olin. Classes (London: Verso, 1985).

9. Political economy and sociology

Abraham, David. The Collapse of the Weimar Republic: Political Economy and Crisis (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1981).

Chomsky, Noam. Profit Over People: Neoliberalism and Global Order (New York: Seven Stories Press, 1999).

Chussudovsky, Michel. The Globalization of Poverty (London: Zed Books, 1999).

Dahrendorf, Ralf. Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1959).

Davis, Mike. Prisoners of the American Dream: Politics and Economy in the History of the U.S. Working Class (London: Verso, 1986).

Ehrenreich, Barbara. Fear of Falling: The Inner Life of the Middle Class (New York: Pantheon Books, 1989).

Frank, Andre Gunder. Capitalism and Underdevelopment in Latin America: Historical Studies of Chile and Brazil (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1969).

Gareau, Frederick H. State Terrorism and the United States: From Counterinsurgency to the War on Terrorism (Atlanta: Clarity Press; London: Zed Books, 2004).

Hobsbawn, E. J. Primitive Rebels: Studies in Archaic Forms of Social Movement in the 19th and 20th Centuries (New York: Praeger, 1959).

Horwitz, David, ed. Corporations and the Cold War (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1970).

Klein, Naomi. No Logo: Money, Marketing and the Growing Anti-Corporate Movement (New York: Picador, 1999).

Trachtenberg, Alan. The Incorporation of America: Culture and Society in the Guilded Age (New York: Hill and Wang, 1982).

Van der Pijl, Kees. Making of an Atlantic Ruling Class (London: Verso, 1984).

Vanneman, Reeve, and Lynn Weber Cannon. The American Perception of Class (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987).

10. Labor unions and class struggle

Boyer, Richard O., and Herbert M. Morais. Labor's Untold Story. 3rd ed. (1955; New York: United Electric, Radio and Machine Workers of America, 1975).

Brecher, Jeremy. Strike! 2nd ed. (Boston: South End Press, 1997).

Brecher, Jeremy, and Tim Costello. Global Village or Global Pillage (Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 1998).

Hinshaw, John, and Paul Le Blanc. U.S. Labor in the Twentieth Century: Studies in Working-Class Struggles and Insurgency (Amherst: Humanities Books, 2000).

Levine, Rhoda F. Class Struggle and the New Deal: Industrial Labor, Industrial Capital and the State (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1988).

Lichtenstein, Nelson. State of the Union: A Century of American Labor (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002).

Lipsitz, George. Rainbow At Midnight: Labor and Culture in the 1940s (Urbana, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1994).

Moody, Kim. An Injury to All: The Decline of American Unionism (New York: Verso, 1988).

---. Workers in a Lean World : Unions in the International Economy (London: Verso, 1999).

Seabrook, Jeremy. The No-Nonsense Guide to Class, Caste and Hierarchies (Toronto: New Internationalist Press/Between the Lines Press, 2002).

11. Race/ethnicity/colonialism

Aga Khan, Sadruddin, and Hassan bin Talal. Indigenous Peoples: A Global Quest for Justice (London and New Jersey, Zed Books, 1987).

Allen, Theodore W. The Invention of the White Race: The Origin of Racial Oppression, 2 vols. (London and New York: Verso, 1994-97).

Amin, Samir. Eurocentrism. Trans. Russell Moore (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1989).

---. Maldevelopment: Anatomy of a Global Failure. Trans. Michael Wolfers (London and New Jersey: Zed Books, 1990).

Callinicos, Alex. Race and Class (London and Chicago: Bookmarks, 1993).

Cesairé, Aimé. Discourse on Colonialism. Trans. Joan Pinkham (New York: MR, 1972).

Davis, Mike. Magical Urbanism: Latinos Reinvent the U.S. City (London and New York: Verso, 2000).

Du Bois, W. E. B. The Souls of Black Folk. Rev. ed. (New York: Penguin, 1982).

Fanon, Frantz. The Wretched of the Earth . Trans. Constance Farrington (New York: Grove Press, 1963).

Himes, Chester B. Lonely Crusade (New York: Alfred Knopf, 1947).

Marable, Manning. How Capitalism Underdeveloped Black America: Problems in Race, Political Economy and Society. 2nd ed. (Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 2000).

Mendelsohn, Ezra. Class Struggle in the Pale: The Formative Years of the Jewish Workers' Movement in Tsarist Russia (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1970).

McCormick, Thomas J. America's Half Century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989).

Said, Edward W. Orientalism (New York: Pantheon, 1978).

Steinberg, Stephen. The Ethnic Myth: Race, Ethnicity, and Class in America (New York: Atheneum, 1981).

Traverso, Enzo. The Marxists and the Jewish Question: The History of a Debate, 1843-1943. Trans. Bernard Gibbons (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1994).

Zinn, Howard. A People's History of the United States: 1492-Present. 2nd ed. (New York: HarperPerennial, 1995).

12. Feminism, sexuality, and class

Barrett, Michèle. Women's Oppression Today: Problems in Marxist Feminist Analysis (London: New Left Books, 1980).

Coward, Rosalind. Female Desires: How They Are Sought, Bought, and Packaged (New York: Grove Press, 1985).

Davis, Angela Y. Women, Race, and Class (New York: Random House, 1981).

Ebert, Teresa L. Ludic Feminism and After: Postmodernism, Desire, and Labor in Late Capitalism (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996).

Fraad et al., eds. Bringing It All Back Home: Class, Gender, and Power in the Modern Household (London and Boulder, CO: Pluto Press, 1994).

Haug, Frigga et al., eds. Female Sexualization: A Collective Work of Memory. Trans. Erica Carter (London: Verso, 1987).

Hennessy, Rosemary. Profit and Pleasure: Sexual Identities in Late Capitalism (London and New York: Routledge, 2000).

Koedt, Anne, et al., eds. Radical Feminism (New York: Quadrangle, 1973).

Krupat, Kitty, and Patrick McCreery, eds. Out at Work: Building a Gay-Labor Alliance (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1991).

Rubinstein, Annette. American Literature, Root and Flower: Significant Poets, Novelists and Dramatists, 1775-1955 (Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, 1988).  

13. Cultural theory and class

Aronowitz, Stanley. Roll Over Beethoven: The Return of Cultural Strife (Hanover, NH: Wesleyan University Press, 1993).

Barthes, Roland. Critical Essays. Trans. Richard Howard (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1972).

Belsey, Catherine. Critical Practice (London and New York: Methuen, 1980).

Bennett, Tony. Formalism and Marxism (London: Methuen, 1979).

Bloch, Ernst. The Utopian Function of Art and Literature: Selected Essays. Trans. Jack Zipes and Frank Mecklenburg (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1988).

Callinicos, Alex. Against Postmodernism: A Marxist Critique (Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 1989).

Denning, Michael. Cultural Front, The Laboring of American Culture in the Twentieth Century (New York: Verso, 1996).

Foley, Barbara. Radical Representations: Politics and Form in U.S. Proletarian Fiction, 1929-1941 (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1993).

Haug, Wolfgang Fritz. Critique of Commodity Aesthetics: Appearance, Sexuality, and Advertising in Capitalist Society. Trans. Robert Bock (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1986).

Jameson, Frederic. The Political Unconscious: Narrative as a Socially Symbolic Act (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1981).

Kelly, Norman, ed. Rhythm and Business: The Political Economy of Black Music. (Akashic Books, 2002).

Klingender, R. D. Art and the Industrial Revolution. Ed. Arthur Elton (New York: Schocken, 1970).

Kouvelakis, Stathis. Philosophy and Revolution: From Kant to Marx (London: Verso, 2002).

Lukács, György. History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics. Trans. Rodney Livingstone (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1971).

Marcuse, Herbert. Reason and Revolution: Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory. 2nd ed. (Boston: Beacon Press, 1960).

Mandel, Ernest. Delightful Murder: A Social History of the Crime Story (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984).

May, Lary, ed. Recasting America: Culture and Politics in the Age of Cold War (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989).

Munt, Sally R., ed. Cultural Studies and the Working Class: Subject to Change (London and New York: Cassell, 2000).

Saudners, Frances Stonor. The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters (New York: New Press, 1999).

Williams, Raymond. Marxism and Literature (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977).

14. Ideologies and pedagogies of class

Chomsky, Noam et al., eds. The Cold War and the University: Toward an Intellectual History of the Postwar Years (New York: New Press, 1997).

Cloud, Dana L. Control and Consolation in American Culture and Politics: Rhetoric of Therapy (Thousand Oaks, CA and London: Sage Publications, 1998).

Eagleton, Terry. Ideology (London and New York: Longman, 1994).

Freire, Paolo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Trans. Myra Bergman Ramos (New York: Seabury Press, 1970).

Kumar, Amitava, ed. Class Issues: Pedagogy, Cultural Studies, and the Public Sphere (New York: New York University Press, 1997).

Morton, Donald, and Mas'ud Zavarzadeh, eds. Theory / Pedagogy / Politics: Texts for Change (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991).

Slaughter, Sheila, and Larry L. Leslie. Academic Capitalism: Politics, Policies, and the Entrepreneurial University (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997).

Trifonas, Peter Pericles, ed. Revolutionary Pedagogies: Cultural Politics, Instituting Education, and the Discourse of Theory (New York and London: Routledge Falmer, 2000).

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