JUMP CUT
A REVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY MEDIA

 

 

Notes

1. Montana outlawed hydraulic mining in 1972. Montana’s 1972 Constitution provides protection for the environment in Article IX, sections 1-4, especially. Section 1 states that “the state and each person shall maintain and improve a clean and healthful environment in Montana for present and future generations” and that “the legislature shall provide adequate remedies for protection of the environmental life support system.” Section 2 centers on reclaiming “all lands disturbed by the taking of natural resources,” and section 3 on water rights, where “the legislature shall provide for the administration, control, and regulation of water rights,” so the amount of water required by hydraulic mining techniques would be all but impossible to acquire. Section 4 focuses on preserving state lands for “use and enjoyment by the people.”

2.Time Magazine ran an article on September 25, 1995 documenting the presence of arsenic in old Montana and California mines. In Montana, Crown Butte is attempting to mine for gold under protest, “in spite of Crown Butte’s promise not to harm the area surrounding the mines in their projected 10-15 year life-span.” One of their opponents, “Jim Barrett, chairman of the anti-mine Beartooth Alliance” declared, “When [the company] gets the gold, they’ll be gone, but we will be here tomorrow. We will suffer forever.” However, the Crown Butte mining project was on federal lands outside Montana’s control, and Crown Butte mining, as of 2002, has failed to acquire these lands. Legal battles are still in play regarding the use of cyanide to extract minerals in Montana, as well.

Works cited

Babiak, Peter E. S. “Icons and Subversion in the Westerns of Clint Eastwood.” CineAction. Spring 2002: 62-67.

Beard, William. Persistence of Double Vision: Essays on Clint Eastwood. Alberta: University of Alberta Press, 2000.

Buffum, E. Gould. Six Months in the Gold Mines: From the Journals of Three Years’ Residence in Upper and Lower California. 1847-8-9. Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard, 1850.

Crouch, Craig E. “Hydraulic Mining in California.” Hydraulic Mining—CPRR Photographic History Museum.
http://cprr.org/Museum/Hydraulic_Mining/

accessed August 10, 2003.

Frayling, Christopher. “Eastwood on Eastwood.” Kapsis, Robert E. and Coblentz, Kathie. Clint Eastwood: Interviews. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999: 130-136.

“Gold Fever!: Giant Gold Machines—Hydraulic Mining.”
www.museumca.org/goldrush/fever19-hy.hyml
accessed August 10, 2003.

Greenswald, John. “Arsenic and Old Mines: As Montanans Battle a New Gold Rush, Californians are Dealing with the Poisonous Legacy of the Past. Time. September 25, 1995: 36.

Jones, Mary Ellen, Editor. The American Frontier: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1994.

Kapsis, Robert E. and Coblentz, Kathie. Clint Eastwood: Interviews. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999.

Kiester, Edwin Jr. “Turning Water to Gold: Confronted with a Hill Full of Gold, Miners Removed the Hill and the Gold—and Left a Mess Behind. Smithsonian. August 1999: 18.

Kolodny, Annette. Lay of the Land.

McGilligan, Patrick. Clint: The Life and Legend. New York: St. Martins Press, 1999.

“Montana Constitution.”
http://leg.state.mt.us/css/mtcode_const/const.asp. 1972
.
accessed August 10, 2003.

“Pale Rider.”
www.clinteastwood.net/filmography/pale.htm

accessed August 5, 2003.

“Pale Rider.”
www.rottentomatoes.com/m/PaleRider-1015891/

accessed August 10,
 2003.

Read, Georgia Willis and Gaines, Ruth, Editors. Gold Rush: The Journals, Drawing, and Other Papers of J. Goldsborough Bruff, Captain, Washington City and California Mining Association, April 2, 1849-July 20, 1851. New York: Columbia UP, 1944.

Schickel, Richard. Clint Eastwood: A Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996.

Steinberg, Jay. “Pale Rider.” Turner Classic Movies. November 2000
www.turnerclassicmovies.com/ThisMonth/
Article/0,,914/1021//,00.html

accessed August 5, 2003.


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