Hsu King-chiu offered me invaluable assistance  in the task of gathering information and tracking down sources. I am deeply grateful to Chuck Kleinhans for his astute comments on an earlier version of this essay.

1. Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, The German Ideology (New York; International Publishers, 1970) [return to text]

2.  Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Manifesto of the Communist Party (Moscow: Progressive Publishers, 1954)

3. Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Manifesto, p. 44 [return to text]

4. E. P. Thompson, The Making of the Working Class (New York: Vintage Books, 1966)

5. Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (London: Allen Lane, 1977) [return to text]

6. David Harvey, The Limits to Capital (Oxford: Blackwell, 1982), p. 157

7. Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Manifesto, op. cit. p.44

8. Wimal Dissanayake, Ashes of Time (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2003)

9. Michel Foucault, "Of Other Spaces," Diacritics 16 (Spring 1986), p.22

10. Michel Focuault, ibid.

11. David Harvey, Spaces of Hope (Berkley: University of California Press, 2000)

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