1. Mutual Conversations 1979-2005 and an earlier version of this paper was presented at Visible Evidence XII, Montreal, 2005.

2. Daily Egyptian Staff. "DE Duped in Hoax." Daily Egyptian. August 26, 2005.

3. For a discussion of this in connection to September 11, see Slavoj Zizek’s materialist psychoanalysis in Welcome to the Desert of the Real. London: Verso. 2002.

4. Paul Virilio. War and Cinema: The Logistics of Perception. Trans. Patrick Camiller. London: Verso. 1989.

5. Virilio, 57.

6. E. J. Hobsbawm. The Age of Extremes: A History of the World, 1914-91. New York: Vintage Books. 1996. Virilio, p. 57.

7. Virilio, 19. Quote from Allan Sekula, "The Instrumental Image: Steichen at War." ArtForum, December 1975. p.33.

8. Walter Benjamin. "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction." Ed. Hannah Arendt. Illuminations. p. 241

9. Oscar Wilde. The Picture of Dorian Gray. New York: Barnes and Noble. 2003 Edition. First published in 1890.

10. Karl Marx. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844. In Robert C. Tucker (ed.) The Marx-Engels Reader. (2nd edition). New York: Norton. 1972. p. 96.

11. Ibid. p. 105.

12. For a detailed discussion regarding photography, documentary film and video as evidence of the simultaneous presence of life and death see the extensive discussion on Terri Schiavo in Jump Cut no 48, Winter 2006.

13. "A Short History of Photography." Cited in Terry Eagleton, Walter Benjamin or Towards a Revolutionary Criticism. London: Verso. 1981. p. 33.

14. Siegfried Kracauer. History: The Last Things Before the Last. (completed by Paul Oskar Kristeller) Princeton: Markus Weiner Publishers. 1969. p. 5

15. Walter Benjamin. The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. Ed. Hannah Arendt. Illuminations: Walter Benjamin, Essays and Reflections. New York: Schocken Books. Pp. 217-52.

16. Eduardo Cadava. Words of Light: Theses on the Photography of History. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1997. p. 8.

17. "The Diary." In Michael W. Jennings (ed.) Walter Benjamin: Selected Writings Volume I — 1913-26. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. 1996. p. 11

18. Karl Marx. The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte. 1851. In Robert C. Tucker (ed.) The Marx-Engels Reader. (2nd edition). New York: Norton. 1972. Marx’s longer explanation is: Men make their own history, but they do not make it just as they please; they do not make it under circumstances chosen by themselves, but under the circumstances directly found, given and transmitted from the past. p. 595.

19. Bertolt Brecht. "Portrayal of Past and Present in One." John Willet and Ralph Manheim. Eds. Bertolt Brecht Poems 1913-1956. 307

20. George Orwell. 1984. With an afterword by Erich Fromm. New York: Signet. First printed Harcourt Publishers, 1949. p. 214.

21. Walter Benjamin, Work of Art, p. 230-31.

22. Michael Berg. "George Bush Never Looked into My Son’s Eyes." The Guardian, Friday May 21, 2004.

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