1. Scott Collette, personal email, 20 January 2006.[return to page 1 of essay]

2. Nikki Sullivan, A Critical Introduction to Queer Theory (New York: New York University Press, 2003) vi.

3. For key studies of such topics, see Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick’s Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire (New York: Columbia University Press, 1985) and The Epistemology of the Closet (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990).

4. Daniel Mendelsohn, “An Affair to Remember,” The New York Review, 23 February 2006: 12.

5. Two survey forms about Brokeback Mountain are attached below as Appendix 1 and Appendix 2. The first is a quantitative questionnaire that was used by a professional audience research company to track data about the film’s demographic appeal and how it might be most effectively marketed. The second survey is a qualitative questionnaire that I wrote and circulated on the campus of the University of North Texas. In designing my survey, I chose to construct open-ended questions that would hopefully elicit a wide range of actual viewer responses, rather than force answers into prescribed categories (as does the quantitative survey). As such, my survey does not pretend to be statistically significant or demographically balanced; its purpose was to elicit further comments about the film which were then analyzed along with other artifacts of reception (film reviews, op-ed pieces, etc.). My survey was distributed mostly around the Radio, TV, and Film Department at UNT and at the campus media center (which serves a wider population). I received about 45 completed surveys in all.

6. David Rooney, “Lee Lassoes Duty for Gay Oater,” Variety, 14 January 2004: NP.

7. David Webb, “Childress Theater Bans Brokeback Mountain,” Dallas Voice, 13 January 2006: 1, 14.

8. Leonard Pitts, “Why Brokeback Mountain is so Frightening,” Denton Record-Chronicle, 17 January 2006: 10A.

9. Overviews of homophobia can be found in Byrne Fone, Homophobia: A History (New York: Metropolitan Books, 2000) and David Plummer, One of the Boys: Masculinity, Homophobia, and Modern Manhood (New York: Harrington Park Press, 1999). See also Gregory M. Herek, “Beyond ‘Homophobia’: A Social Psychological Perspective on Attitudes Towards Lesbians and Gay Men,” in Bashers, Baiters, and Bigots: Homophobia in American Society, ed. John P. DeCecco(New York: Harrington Park Press, 1985). The study that proved that homophobia is positively correlated with same-sex feelings is reported in Henry E. Adams, Lester W. Wright, Jr., and Bethany A. Lohr, “Is Homophobia Associated with Homosexual Arousal?” Journal of Abnormal Psychology 105:3 (1996): 440-445.

10 Pitts.

11. Bryan Woolley, “Protecting Their View: Cowboy Poets Gather to Preserve a Culture — and Keep out Pretenders.” Dallas Morning News, 26 March 2006: 13-15. Image of poet Joel Nelson from http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/

12. See, for example, the CDC report online at www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad362.pdf.

13. Paige Mayhew, letter, Dallas Morning News, 1 January 2006: 2G.[return to page 2 of essay]

14. Alvin H. Roeder, letter, Denton Record-Chronicle, 3 February 2006: 8A,

15. Alana Bingiel, letter, Denton Record-Chronicle, 20 February, 2006: 10A.

16. Brock C. Ostrander, letter, Denton Record-Chronicle, 20 February 2006: 10A.

17. Roeder.

18. Mark Davis, “I’m a conservative, and I liked Brokeback Mountain,” Dallas Morning News, 1 February 2006: 17A.

19. Mark Davis, personal email to Alex Bentley, 5 February 2006.

20. Rod Dreher, “The Real Message in Brokeback,” Dallas Morning News, 29 December 2005: 25A.

21. “Over the Top: Says He:” Dallas Morning News, 15 February 2006: 4G.

22. “Over the Top: Bird Lovers,” Dallas Morning News, 12 January 2006: 1G.

23. Daniel A. Kusner, “Marketing Brokeback,” Dallas Voice, 23 December 2005: 37.

24. Cornelius Jeffery Weber, letter, Dallas Morning News, 3 January 2006: 16A,

25. Mike Henley, letter. Txt Newsmagazine, 23 December 2005: 13.

26. The intense feelings generated by the film were instrumental in breaking up a friendship between two UNT colleagues of mine: a straight female English professor who defended the film and a gay psychologist who was bitterly disappointed with it.

27. Steve Lindsey, letter, Dallas Morning News, 1 January 2006: 2G.

28. Michael Hargrove, letter, Dallas Morning News, 8 January 2006: 2G.

29. Dale Carpenter, “The Other Side of the Mountain,” Txt Newsmagazine, 23 December 2005: 13.

30. Carpenter.

31. Jacquielynn Floyd, “Brokeback Ignores Plight of Spouses, Dallas Morning News, 20 January 2006: 1-2B.

32. Sedgwick, Epistemology of the Closet. [return to page 3]

33. Dwight Crawford, letter, Denton Record-Chronicle, 9 January 2006: 8A.

34. See other comments in Woolley.

35. Adam Pitluk, “Only Memories Left of 24 Tears Together,” Dallas Morning News, 5 March 2006: 26A.

36. Mario Tarradell, “Willie Opens the Closet with ‘Cowboys’,” Dallas Morning News, 14 February 2006: 1, 4G.

37. Chris Vognar, “Middle America Joining the Brokeback Audience,” Dallas Morning News, 5 January 2006: 1G.

38. Jocelyn Noveck, “Mountain of Hopes,” Dallas Morning News, 11 February 2006: G4.

39. Mickey Kaus, “Brokeback Blues,” Dallas Morning News, 19 February 2006: 4-5P.

40. Crawford.

41. Lucinda Breeding, “Mountain is Not a Molehill,” Denton Record Chronicle, 29 January 2006: 5D

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