JUMP CUT
A REVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY MEDIA

 

 

Notes

1. The work draws from my 2005 doctoral dissertation, University of Oregon, School of Journalism and Communications, Hollywood Portrayal of Modern International Terrorism in Blockbuster Action-Adventure Films: From the Iran Hostage Crisis to September 11, 2001.

2. The top fifty domestic box-office from 1980 until September 11, 2001, had sixteen films that have international terrorism as the film’s main theme (annual domestic box-office, top 250 (1980-2001), Variety.com):

  • Commando (1985),
  • Invasion USA (1985),
  • Iron Eagle (1986),
  • The Delta Force (1986),
  • Die Hard (1988),
  • Die Hard 2: Die Harder (1990),
  • Patriot Games (1992),
  • Passenger 57 (1992),
  • True Lies (1994),
  • Blown Away (1994),
  • Die Hard with a Vengeance (1995),
  • Executive Decision (1996),
  • Air Force One (1997),
  • The Jackal (1997),
  • Ronin (1998),
  • The Siege (1998).           

3. Annual domestic box-office data, top 250. Variety.com. See the list of films in endnote 2.

4. Patriot Games (1992), Blown Away (1994), The Jackal (1997) and Ronin (1998).

5. The 9/11 Commission Report (2004) citing: text of World Islamic Front’s Statement Urging Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders (1998, February 23). In Al Quds al Arabi. (Foreign Broadcast Information Service transl.), signed by Usama bin Laden, Ayman al Zawahiri and three others.

6. The 9/11 Commission Report (2004) citing: Hunting Bin Ladin (1998, May). PBS Frontline broadcast,
www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/
shows/binladen/who/interview.html
.

References

Primary film

The Siege (1998). 20th Century Fox, Bedford Falls Productions. USA. 116 minutes.

Other films

  • Executive Decision (1996). Silver Pictures, Warner Bros. USA. 133 minutes.
  • Iron Eagle (1986). TriStar Pictures, Delphi, Falcon’s Flight. USA/Canada. 117 minutes.
  • The Delta Force (1986). Golan Globus. USA/Israel. 125 minutes.
  • True Lies (1994). 20th Century Fox, Lightstorm Entertainment. USA. 144 minutes.

Box-office data

Annual domestic box-office top 250 (1980 -2001). In Variety.com. Retrieved from the World  Wide Web: www.variety.com.

Video and DVD rental data

Video Software Dealers Association (2001, September) September 2001 press release. Retrieved from the World Wide Web but no longer available online.

Government documents

The 9/11 Commission Report. Final Report on the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States (2004). Authorized edition. New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company.

Patterns of Global Terrorism: 1992 (1993, April). Department of State Publication 10054. Office of the Secretary of State. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism.

Patterns of Global Terrorism: 1994 (1995, April).Department of State Publication 10239. Office of the Secretary of State. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism.

Patterns of Global Terrorism: 1995 (1996, April). Department of State Publication 10321. Office of the Secretary of State. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism.

Patterns of Global Terrorism: 2001 (2002, May).Department of State Publication 10940. Office of the Secretary of State. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism.

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Bay, Willow (November 10, 1998). Director Ed Zwick defends ‘The Siege’. In CNN online SHOWBIZ. Retrieved from the World Wide Web:
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