1. The work draws from my 2005 doctoral dissertation, University of Oregon, School of Journalism and Communications, Hollywood Portrayal of Modern International Terrorism in Blockbuster Action-Adventure Films: From the Iran Hostage Crisis to September 11, 2001.
2. The top fifty domestic box-office from 1980 until September 11, 2001, had sixteen films that have international terrorism as the film’s main theme (annual domestic box-office, top 250 (1980-2001), Variety.com):
3. Annual domestic box-office data, top 250. Variety.com. See the list of films in endnote 2.
4. Patriot Games (1992), Blown Away (1994), The Jackal (1997) and Ronin (1998).
5. The 9/11 Commission Report (2004) citing: text of World Islamic Front’s Statement Urging Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders (1998, February 23). In Al Quds al Arabi. (Foreign Broadcast Information Service transl.), signed by Usama bin Laden, Ayman al Zawahiri and three others.
6. The 9/11 Commission Report (2004) citing: Hunting Bin Ladin (1998, May). PBS Frontline broadcast,
The Siege (1998). 20th Century Fox, Bedford Falls Productions. USA. 116 minutes.
Annual domestic box-office top 250 (1980 -2001). In Variety.com. Retrieved from the World Wide Web: www.variety.com.
Video and DVD rental data
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Patterns of Global Terrorism: 1992 (1993, April). Department of State Publication 10054. Office of the Secretary of State. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism.
Patterns of Global Terrorism: 1994 (1995, April).Department of State Publication 10239. Office of the Secretary of State. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism.
Patterns of Global Terrorism: 1995 (1996, April). Department of State Publication 10321. Office of the Secretary of State. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism.
Patterns of Global Terrorism: 2001 (2002, May).Department of State Publication 10940. Office of the Secretary of State. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism.
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online, ZA@Play - Movies. Retrieved from the World Wide Web: