1. I am grateful to Chuck Kleinhans for his suggestions for strengthening this essay. [return to page 1]
2. There were some pro and contra positions related to this marriage. "Polygamy is halal (allowed in Islam). Extramarital affairs are haram (forbidden)," said one of their posters, according to the Internet site below. Moments later, another group of women marched at the same location, shouting anti-polygamy slogans. They chanted to the tune of a well-known children's song:
On the fall of Aa’ Gym, James B Hoesterey writes:
Please check: http://www.insideindonesia.org/
3. Islam Religion, 27 February, 2009.
4. The Jakarta Post, 25 February, 2009.
5. Please check: http://www.indonesiamatters.com/
6. Islam Religion, 27 February 2009.
7. Gerakan Reformasi (Reformation Movement) was a popular rebellion that gave rise to an enormous change in the political situation of Indonesia: the downfall of President Suharto’s regime (1966-1998) in May 1998. In political terms, the Reformation demanded greater democracy, honesty and accountability in public life, and policies that secure people’s welfare (Budiman (eds.) 1999: 73)
8. Please check:
9. Wikipedia, 26 February 2009.
10. Britannica, 26 February 2009.
11. Kusrini, Asmayani. “Selamat untuk Nia Dinata!” ("Congratulations to Nia Dinata") in Rumahfilm.org, November 12th 2007.
12. Dinata also makes social statements through her portrayal of how people handled the tsunami. For example, she tells about finding trusted donation institutions, or pointing out some political leaders or celebrities who use the issues for their own popularity by asking journalist to go with them.
13. “Pengantar ke Dunia Film” ("An Introduction to Film World") in Usmar Ismail Mengupas Film (Usmar Ismail on Film). Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan, 1986, second edition. My translation. [return to page 2 ]
14. Quoted in Polygamy Phenomenon in Love for Share, Indonesia, dir. Nia Dinata, 2006. In an interview written in English, Dinata said:
There are also similar statements in the DVD documentary. See:
15. This situation affirms Karl Heider’s theory in Indonesian Cinema, National Culture on Screen. When discussing the basic moral conflict of a culture, Heider wrote that instead of good-evil binary position, Indonesian films prefer binaries of order-disorder. He highlights the fact that Indonesian movies usually do not have bad guys.
16. U.S. Embassy in Jakarta.
17. U.S. Embasy in Jakarta. [return to page 3 ]
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Clark, Marshall. “Men, Masculinities and Symbolic Violence in Recent Indonesian Cinema” in Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 35 (1), pp 113-131 February 2004. Singapore: National University of Singapore, 2004.
Heider, Karl. Indonesian cinema: national culture on screen. Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 1991.
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Rumahfilm.org, November 12th 2007.
Berbagi Suami (Love for Share, Indonesia, dir. Nia Dinata, 2006)