[1] See, for example, Cowie and Renov. [return to page 1 of essay]

[2] As Gunning describes, until approximately 1906 actuality films outnumbered fictional films. It is this era of film culture that is central to his analysis.

[3] Muybridge’s well-known images of horses and other animals offered evidence of the nature of movement in ways that appealed to desire for new scientific knowledge and his projections were shown in lecture halls to interested audiences of the time. This focus on zoology soon came also to focus on the mechanic so the human body naked or semi-naked pictorial accounts of men, women and children performing short tasks and activities.

[4] See Kaplan, Rich or Williams.

[5] SBS Television (Special Broadcasting Service) is Australia’s smaller, second public service broadcaster with a charter that stipulates that SBS must work to meet the needs of culturally diverse viewing nation. [return to page 2 of essay]

[6] See Arthurs or Boyle for more discussion of “docuporn.”

[7] See McRobbie, Walkerdine et al., Attwood, Gill and Whelelan.

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