JUMP CUT
A REVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY MEDIA

 

 

Notes

1. “Sex and Tech: Results From a Survey of Teens and Young Adults.com,” 1.
<http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/
sextech/PDF/SexTech_Summary.pdf
>
[return to page 1 of essay]

2. See Leary, Smith, for examples of legal scholarship on “self-produced child pornography.” For a representative sample of news articles on the subject, see Clark-Flory, Lithwick, Oglesby, Popkin, Porter, Rubinkam, Semuels. While it is tempting to claim that child pornography produced by minors is a recent and increasingly popular phenomenon, no studies or data have been published in peer-reviewed journals on this topic. “Child Being Tried For Child Porn” is a catchy headline and it has found its way, in one iteration or another, into various forms of popular media. It will most likely become a part of the same cycle of misinformation that constitutes discourses of child pornography in general.

I make no claim that self-produced child-porn is the latest craze sweeping the nation (or many nations), or that the girl next door is now opting to one up Miley Cyrus in the baring of flesh department. Is there a predominant or even alternative move among adolescents to bare their breasts or undercarriages before digital cameras, and then circulate the images? Your guess is as good is mine. What I can point to is new attention paid to this possible phenomenon in media and legal discourse.

3. “Alex Phillips, MySpace”; Bean; “Blog Prank Leads to Child Porn Charge”; Civale; “Girl, 12, Charged With Distributing Nude Pic of Classmate”; “Man Gets Jail Over Photo of Nude Ex on MySpace”; Todd; “Teens’ Nude Pics ‘Spread Like Wildfire’”; “Two Teens Face Child Pornography Charges.”

4. See Kleinhans for a thorough discussion of the effect of child pornography legislation on academic research. Jenkins and Kincaid (1998) also serve as rare instances of academic work that have treated the topic of child pornography.

5. Angelides, Jenkins (1998).

6. Kincaid (1992), 6-7.

7. In this, I hope to contribute to works by scholars such as Amy Adler, Judith Levine, Jenkins, and Angelides who have drawn attention to the ways contemporary constructions of childhood deny minors’ rights and increase their potential for harm.

8. New York v. Ferber (1982).

9. Addressing the case of Paul Ferber, a New York bookseller who was charged for selling two films devoted to images of boys masturbating, the court determined that the material was illegal, despite the fact that it was not obscene according to Miller v. California standards. See New York v. Ferber (1982).

10. New York v. Ferber (1982).

11. Ibid.

12. Prince v. Massachusetts (1944), cited in New York v. Ferber (1982).

13. 1977 N.Y. Laws, ch. 910, 1, cited in New York v. Ferber (1982).

14. New York v. Ferber (1982).

15. Jenkins, 118 – 144.

16. Kleinhans, 22 – 23. [return to page 2 of essay]

17. New York v. Ferber (1982)

18. A.H v. State (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2007).

19. See Leary, Lovejoy and Smith for other examples of legalistic analysis that constructs teens who engage in pornographic production as victims of their own naivety.

20. Eichenwald’s Berry articles also inspired an episode of the seventh season of Law and Order: Special Victims Unit (“Web”), another example of the reach of this particular narrative and the interest it has elicited.

21. Eichenwald, “Making a Connection with Justin”; Eichenwald, “Through His Webcam, a Boy Joins a Sordid Online World.”

22. Calame (2006); Calame (2007).

23. Shafer (2006).

24. Wakeman.

25. Nathan (2007).

26. France; Nathan (2007); Ridley.

27. Paying a source is against the New York Times standards and ethics for reporting. See “Corrections” (2007).

28. Folkenflick.

29. France.

30. Rubinkam. [return to page 3 of essay]

31. Ibid.

32. Ibid.

33. See, for example, the photographs which accompany “Bodies of Evidence,” and Clark-Flory.

34. Hoover, 33.

35. Zimmer and Roy.

36. See Angelides, Kincaid (1998), Fine, Tolman.

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