JUMP CUT
A REVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY MEDIA

 

 

Notes

Very special thanks to John Greyson, Julia Lesage and Chuck Kleinhans for their generous support and feedback.

1. I think “two-spirited” here is more fitting as “transsexual, or trans-vestite, does not capture the character’s energy and goal. She is not dressing as a woman, she is channeling her dead mother’s, Toula’s, energy both paying homage to her and using said energy as supportive force for her unrepentant, transgressive identity. [return to page 1 of essay]

2. Parmar, 5.

3. See Deborah Hunn’s discussion from pages 114-118.

4. Aquilia, 107.

5. Ibid, 105.

6. See Papanikolaou’s discussion of “New Queer Greece” and Head On’s relationship to New Queer Cinema.

7. Puar’s term for how U.S. gay activism post-9/11, copied the perplexing U.S. conservative rhetoric of scapegoating “the Muslim” and their attitudes towards sex and sexuality as inferior/antithetical to that of the United States.

8. Papanikolaou, 192.

9. Harris, 35.

10. Foucault, 1978, 43.

11. See the first two chapters of Katz’s The Invention of Heterosexuality for a detailed discussion.

12. Ibid., 44.

13. Ibid., 45.

13b. For a more thorough and in depth explanation of this phenomenon, see Thomas Waugh’s final chapter “Law, Science, and Politics” in Hard to Imagine, specifically his discussion of state surveillance in public toilets beginning on page 372. [return to page two of essay]

14. Foucault, 1995, 216.

15. Ibid., 201.

16. Ibid., 214.

17. Butler, 191.

18. Ibid., 190.

19. Taylor, 15.

20. Betsky, 16.

21. Cole, 31.

22. Ibid, 59.

23. Ibid. as quoted in Cole, 59.

24. Ibid., 60.

25. Ibid., 32.

26. Ibid.

27. Ibid,. 61.

28. Kosofsky-Sedgwick, 3.

29. Waugh, 2004, 131.

30. Bennett, 64-65.

31. Waugh, 1993, 151.

32. Bennett, 73.

33. Waugh, 2004, 133.

34. See John Greyson’s brief discussion of police/institutional surveillance of gay culture and sexuality and his use of video surveillance in his film Urinal (1988) as way to re-articulate police surveillance practices of creating “peepholes in washroom ceilings in order to do live surveillance,” further emphasizing the public bathroom’s liminality as a battleground.  The bathroom is, after all, a space which antithetically blends sex’s signification of the private with the public. (338)
[return to page three of essay]

35. Hunn, 124.

36. Butler, 190.

37. See the first chapter of Dyer’s White for a look at the historical construction of white skin as a signifier of particular ideologies.

38. Ibid., 14.

39. Hall, 394.

40. A sentiment also noted by Julianne Pidduck. See pg 282 of her concluding chapter in Richard Dyer’s “Now You See It.”

41. On page 192, Papanikolaou has argues that the “house, cafes, bars, Greek kafenia” often have characters

“crammed into small rooms full of furniture and mementos, talking about interiors and interacting because they cannot avoid each other’s presence.”

42. Binnie, 82.

43. Bennett, 74.

44. Bennett, 74.

45. Nacify, 589.

46. Hennessy, 32.

47. In the South Park episode “South Park Is Gay!” “metrosexuality,” a style of dress influenced by gay culture (which is itself influenced by European design (see Shaun Cole’s 5th chapter “Tight Trousers: Italian Styling in the 1960s”), has de-masculinized the men of South Park, infuriating Mr. Garrison, who blames the television Queer Eye for the Straight Guy. The episode is critical of how gay culture has been appropriated into the capitalist machine, whereby queer style has been emptied of all its meaning and cultural significance, and packaged and sold by multi-national conglomerates as vacuous products, destroying a part of queer culture.

Works cited

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Bennett, James. Head On: Multicultural Representations of Australian Identity in 1990s National Cinema.” Studies in Australian Cinema 1:1 (2007). 61-78.

Betsky, Aaron. Queer Space: Architecture and Same-Sex Desire. New York: William Morrow and Co., Inc., 1997.

Binnie, Jon. The Globalization of Sexuality. London: Sage Publications, 2004.

Butler, Judith Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. 3rd ed. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Cole, Shaun. ‘Don We Now Our Gay Apparel’: Gay Men’s Dress in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Berg Press, 2000.

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New York: Vintage Books, 1995.

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Harris, Daniel. The Rise and Fall of Gay Culture. New York: Hyperion, 1997.

Hennessy, Rosemary. “Queer Visibility in Commodity Culture.” Cultural Critique 29 (1994-1995): 31-76.

Hunn, Deborah. “‘It’s Not That I Can’t Decide; I Don’t Like Definitions’: Queer in Australia in Christos Tsiolkas’s Loaded and Ana Kokkinos’s Head On. Territories of Desire: Refiguring Contemporary Boundaries. Ed. David Alderson and Linda Anderson. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 112-129.

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Nacify, Hamid. An Accented Cinema: Exilic and Diasporic Filmmaking. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.

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Parmar, Pratibha. “That Moment of Emergence”. Queer Looks: Perspectives on Lesbian & Gay Film and Video. Ed. Gever, Marth, John Greyson & Pratibha Parmar. New York: Between the Lines Press, 1993. 3-11.

Puddick, Julianne. “After 1980: Margins and Mainstreams”. Now You See It: Studies in Lesbian and Gay Film. Ed Richard Dyer and Juianne Puddick. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2002. 265-294.

Puar, Jaspir. Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofky. Epistemology of the Closet. Berkley: University of California Press. 1990.

Taylor, Africa. “A Queer Geography.” Lesbian and Gay Studies: A Critical Introduction. Eds. Andy Medhurst and Sally R. Munt. Cassell Academic - Contemporary Studies Series, London & Washington, 1997.

Waugh, Thomas. Hard to Imagine: Gay Male Eroticism in Photography and Film from Their Beginnings to Stonewall. New York: Columbia University Press. 1996.

........ “Homosociality in the Classical American Stag Film: Off-Screen, On-Screen.” Porn Studies. Ed. Linda Williams. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004. 127-141.

.........“The Third Body: Patterns in the Construction of the Subject in Gay Male Narrative Film.” Queer Looks: Perspectives on Lesbian & Gay Film and Video. Eds. Gever, Martha John Greyson & Pratibha Parmar. New York: Between the Lines Press, 993. 141-161.


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