1. “History of U.S. Labor Day.” Box 7, Feature Packets. [return to page 1 of essay]

2. For instance, Disney Studio president Richard Frank reported to Congress in July 1989: “I won’t be so bold to say that American movies are responsible for the popular uprising in China. But I am willing to bet that for more than a few Chinese citizens our films served as an inspiration to strike for something better.” U.S. Government Printing Office. (1990). Television Broadcasting and the European Community: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Telecommunications and Finance of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives (Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, pg. 51). For a sophisticated analysis of the 1989 turmoil as a less idealized democratic movement, see Hui Wang. (2003). China’s New Order: Society, Politics and Economy in Transition (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press); Richard Madsen. (1995). The Moral Challenge of Tiananmen: Shattering A Liberal Myth. In China and the American Dream (pg.1-27).


Alnor, William M. (1991). News Watch—Truthfulness of TBN’s China Cry Movie Called into Question. Christian Research Journal, pg. 44-45.

Anderson, Elizabeth. (1990). Images of China for Americans, 1927-1950: the Missionaries’ Dilemma. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Carnegie-Mellon University Press.

Barson, Michael. (2001). Red Scared! The Commie Menace in Propaganda and Popular Culture. San Francisco: Chronicle Books.

Bordewich, Fergus M. (1991). China’s Daring Underground of Faith. Reader’s Digest, pg. 33-38.

Chang, Jung. (2003). Wild Swans: Three Daughters of China. Simon and Schuster.

Chen, Jian. (2001). Mao’s China and the Cold War. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.

Chen, Tina. (2001). Dressing for the Party: Clothing, Citizenship, and Gender-formation in Mao’s China. Fashion Theory, 5(2), pg. 143-172.

Deng, Peng. (1997). American Images of China, 1931-1949. Journal of Third World Studies.

Fagerstrom, Scott. (1991, January 14). Critics Question Nora Lam’s Life Story. Christianity Today, pg. 44-45.

Fairbank, John. (1989, March 16). Keeping Up with the New China. The New York Review of Books.

Gernet, Jacques. (1985). China and the Christian Impact. Trans. By J. Lloyd. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gilmartin, Christina K. (1994). (eds.), Engendering China: Women, Culture, and the State. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Goldman, Eric. (1960). The Crucial Decade: and After, America, 1945-1960. New York: Vintage Book.

Herzstein, Robert E. (2005). Henry R. Luce, Time and the American Crusade in Asia. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Holden, Stephen. (1991, May 3). Ben Hur Meets Red Guards. The New York Times.

Holober, Frank. (1999). Raiders of the China Coast: CIA Covert Operations during the Korean War. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.

Isaacs, Harold. (1958). Scratches on Our Minds: American Images of China and India. New York: J. Day Co.

Jespersen, Christopher. (1997). Western Influences and Images of China: the Persistent Efforts to Engage and Change China. Journal of Third World Studies, 14 (2), pg. 13-35.

Jones, Francis Price. (1962). The Church in Communist China: A Protestant Appraisal. New York: Friendship Press.

Lam, Nora. (1991). China Cry— the Nora Lam Story. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers.

Lilley, James, Jeffrey Lilley. (2004). China Hands: Nine Decades of Adventure, Espionage, and Diplomacy in Asia. New York: PublicAffairs.

Mackerras, Colin. (1999). Western Images of China. Hong Kong; New York: Oxford University Press.

Madsen, Richard. (1989). The Catholic Church in China. In Perry Link, Richard Madsen, and Paul G. Pickowicz (eds.), Unofficial China: Popular Culture and Thought in the People’s Republic (pp. 103-120). Boulder, San Francisco & London: Westview Press.

Madsen, Richard. (1995). Missionaries of the American Dream: Putting the Liberal Myth into Practice. In China and the American Dream: A Moral Inquiry (pp. 136-162). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Mann, Robert. (2002). Complete Idiot’s Guide to the Cold War. Penguin.

Medved, Michael. (1992). Hollywood vs. America: Popular Culture and the War on Traditional Values. HarperCollins.

Nien, Cheng. (1987). Life and Death in Shanghai. New York: Grove Press.

Perlmutter, D. (1998). Photojournalism and Foreign Policy: Icons of Outrage in International Crises. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Pinsky, Mark. (1990, September 5). Televangelist Makes Movie. Los Angeles Times.

Rodgers, Daniel. (1998). Exceptionalism. In Anthony Molho and G. S. Wood (eds.), Imagined Histories: American Historians Interpret the Past (pp. 21-40). Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Shih, Shu-mei. (2001). The Lure of the Modern: Writing Modernism in Semicolonial China, 1917-1937. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Steele, A. T. (1966). The American People and China. New York: publ. for the Council on Foreign Relations by McGraw-Hill.

Sun, Lena. (1991, June 2). Dissident Struggle Still Alive in China. Washington Post.

Varg, Paul. (1958). Missionaries, Chinese, and Diplomats: the American Protestant Missionary Movement in China, 1890-1952. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Whitfield, Stephen J. (1991). The Culture of the Cold War. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Yip, Ka-che. (1980). Religion, Nationalism, and Chinese Students: the Anti-Christian Movement of 1922-1927. Bellingham, Wash.: Western Washington.

Zarrow, Peter. (1999). Meaning of China’s Cultural Revolution: Memoirs of Exile. Positions, 7 (1), pg. 165-191.


To topPrint versionJC 53 Jump Cut home

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 License.