1. Several Russian films about the Chechen conflict have been made since Prisoner of the Mountains, including Caucasian Roulette (Fyodor Popov, 2002), War (Aleksei Balabanov, 2005), 12 (Nikita Mikhalkov, 2007), and Alexandra (Alexander Sokurov, 2009). [return to page 2 of essay]

2. This essay is dedicated to the memory of Barbara Mortimer (1960-2006).

Works cited

Brown, Jeffrey A. "'Putting on the Ritz': Masculinity and the Young Gary Cooper." Screen 36.3 (Autumn 1995): 193-213. Print.

Buber, Martin. I and Thou. 1923. New York: Touchstone, 1970. Print.

Flusser, Vilém. The Freedom of the Migrant: Objections to Nationalism. 1994. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003. Print.

Goldberg, Elizabeth Swanson. Beyond Terror: Gender, Narrative, Human Rights. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007. Print.

Kleinhans, Chuck. "Imagining Torture." Jump Cut 51 (spring 2009). http://www.ejumpcut.org

Mortimer, Barbara. Hollywood's Frontier Captives. New York: Garland Publishing, 2000. Print.

Saïd, Edward. Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books, 1979. Print

Simmons, Ernest J. "L. N. Tolstoi: A Cadet in the Caucasus." The Slavonic Year-Book 20 (December 1941): 1-27. Print.

Tolstoy, Leo. "A Prisoner in the Caucasus." 1870. Tolstoy also wrote a novella Hádji Murád, about a Chechen tribal leader, first published in 1904. Both the story and the novella are available online at The Literature Network, http://www.online-literature.com.


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