1. Texas Chainsaw Massacre: the Shocking Truth. Produced and Directed by David Gregory. With Tobe Hooper and Kim Henkel. A Blue Underground Production, 2002. [return to page 1]

2. Wood, Robin.

3. Sharrett, Christopher. 302-307.

4. Ibid. 318-319.

5. Texas Chainsaw Massacre: the Shocking Truth. Produced and Directed by David Gregory. With Tobe Hooper and Kim Henkel. A Blue Underground Production, 2002. This documentary explores in greater detail the creative bookkeeping and powerful intervention of Mafia forces in the ownership and distribution of profits that shaped the film’s troubled economic history. In addition, the documentary chronicles the problems faced by each of the sequels.

6. Box office information retrieved from

13. “The Chainsaw Massacre: the Beginning Box Office Data, Movie News. 11/24/2010.

14. Schatz, Thomas. 15.

15. Kellner, Douglas. 17.

16. Wood, 70.

17. For a detailed exploration of the genre changing influence of Romero’s classic horror film, Ben Hervey argues in Night of the Living Dead that the film’s ambivalent framing of the main protagonist, the at-times sympathetic presentation of the horrorific zombies, and the negative construction of the militaristic humans shifts the ideological function of the horror film away from the celebration of the values and ideals of the status quo to a cultural critique of those same values.

19. “Comments on: U.S. Officials: Afghan Military Campaign Failing.” CBS News. 11/20/2010.

20. Associated Press, “U.S. Army Streteched to Breaking Point.” 2.

21. Ibid. 164-165.

22. Boggs, Carl and Tom Pollard. 105-126.

23. Yellen, Janet. “Economic Inequality in the United States,” 1.
[return to page 3]

24. The theatrical trailer for Texas Chainsaw Massacre is one of the bonus features on the U.S. DVD release of the film.

25. Wood, 82.

26. Worland, 28.

27. “Federal – popular 1780 – 1820.”
architecturalstyles/Federal.html. 11/10/2010

28. “Federal Style Architetcture in Buffalo, NY: 1790-1830.”

29. Danner, 279 – 328. Torture and Truth: America, Abu Ghraib, and the War on Terror by Mark Danner. In addition to “The Taguba Report,” this book contains most of the public official documents circulated between members of the Bush Administration as the definition of torture was refined and actual torture practices widened. In addition, the book contains many of the photos from Abu Ghraib and official government reports generated as a response to the military abuses at and photos from Abu Ghraib.

31. Danner, 225 – 248.

32. The idea for this horrific representation of the Eucharist came from the students in my American Nightmare class at the University of Denver.
[return to page 5]

33. Information found at

34. Wood, 82.

35. King. 28 – 41. [return to page 6]

36. Ibid., 15.

37. Ibid., 12 – 13.

38. Wood. 64 – 65.

39. Ibid., 80.

41. Boggs and Pollard. 126.

42. King, 237.

43. Boggs and Pollard. 105.

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