1. Miller, Toby. “For Fun, For Profit, For Empire: the University and Electronic Games” in Cognitive Capitalism, Education and Digital Labor, ed. Michael A. Peters and Ergin Bulut, New York: Peter Lang, 2011. P 229-244. [return to page 3 of essay]

2. Barthes in Mythologies (translated by Annette Lavers, London, Paladin, 1972) gives many examples of the way inoculation is used to maintain power, perhaps most prominently is the state’s acknowledging of political scandals to divert citizens away from any examination of the systemic frauds of the state and in the current Wall Street’s “fessing up” to its “shortcomings” as a way of making sure that no actual structural changes occur. 

3. These were a series of riots in 1943 between white sailors and Marines stationed throughout the city and Latino youths recognizable by their zoot suits. The riots were a class eruption in LA in which Mexican immigrant laborers attempted to assert a new visibility. The LAPD in some limited cases joined the white service men but more generally looked the other way, and allowed the beatings to the Latino workers to occur. (See Mark Reisler, By the sweat of their brow: Mexican immigrant labor in the United States, 1900-1940. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1976).

4. Beller, Jonathan. The Cinematic Mode of Production: Attention Economy and the Society of the Spectacle. Hanover, New Hampshire: Dartmouth College Press, 2006. [return to page 4]

5. See Peters and Bulut reference footnote 1.

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