1. The Karen Human Rights Group, based on the Thai border, has produced regular reports on human rights abuses perpetrated by the DKBA, collected by their network of reporters in eastern Burma.
See http://www.khrg.org/ [return to page 1]

2. For a recent discussion of Burmese cinema, see Ferguson (2007).

3. According to South, who has conducted research on the DKBA,

“DKBA leaders… have implemented several well-regarded local infrastructure-development projects. Furthermore, research indicates that conditions for internally displaced persons in DKBA-controlled ceasefire areas are better than those in zones of on-going armed conflict or government-controlled relocation sites” (2010: p.76).

4. Burmese (non-Karen) celebrities who have appeared in DKBA VCDs include Thu Htoo San, Wei Lu Kyaw, Soe Myat Nandar, Nawarat, Zin Zin Zaw Myint, Thazin, Nan Su Yadi Soe, Aye Wut Yee Thaung, Nyi Nanda, Su Pan Htwar, Min Thu, Thet Mon Myint, Khin Lay Nwe, Hla Inzali Tint and Chit Snow Oo. Karen celebrities include Paw Nay Mu and Hackett.

Works cited

Callahan, Mary. "Myanmar's Perpetual Junta: Solving the Riddle of the Tatmadaw's Long Reign." New Left Review, no. 60 (2009): 27-63.

Charney, Michael W. A History of Modern Burma. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Ferguson, Jane M. "Watching the Military's War Movies: (De)Constructing the Enemy of the State in a Contemporary Burmese Soldier Drama." Asian Cinema 18, no. 2 (2007): 79-95.

Selth, Andrew. Populism, Politics and Propaganda: Burma and the Movies. Hong Kong: Southeast Asia Research Centre, the City University of Hong Kong, 2008.

South, Ashley. "Governance and Legitimacy in Karen State." In Ruling Myanmar: From Cyclone Nargis to National Elections, edited by Nick Cheesman, Monique Skidmore and Trevor Wilson, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2010.

Thawnghmung, Ardeth Maung. The Karen Revolution in Burma : Diverse Voices, Uncertain Ends. Washington, D.C.: East-West Center, 2008.

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