[Editor’s query: You had in the text in parentheses the name Emerson. It appeared twice. Is that a source you used for historical information? You could mention that in the now empty footnote 1. I do not want to have to change all the footnote numbers in the text and here, so if you add reference information, I will add notes in as 12b, etc. after the original footnote number and before the next as they stand now. If you don't put something in for footnote 1, I will leave it blank.]
1. You have a footnote no. 1 in the text. You could replace it or use this slot for acknowledgments. [return to text]
2. The debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas occurred in the 1858 Illinois campaign for the U.S. Senate. The primary contested issue was slavery. Douglas, a Democrat, was a proponent of Sovereignty, a policy that allowed individual states to choose whether or not to allow slavery. Lincoln opposed this philosophy, stating that the Union of states must act as one on this issue.
Commentary from the August 26, 1858 Alton Illinois Weekly Courier named Lincoln as the winner of the debate, and reported great jubilation “bonfires on every corner” celebrating Lincoln’s debate win. Douglas won the Senate election but Lincoln defeated him for the Presidency in 1860. Newspaper quotations from the Lincoln Library at Northern Illinois University.
3. Zizek, Slavoj. Interrogating the Real. Rex Butler and Scott Stephens, trans. London:
5. Irigaray, Luce. The Sex That is Not One. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985. 133-4.
6. I’m not claiming that these male views are universal, just offering them as examples of the way female masquerade operates a male fantasy.
7. Editors, Cahiers du Cinema. “John Ford’s Young Mr. Lincoln.” Cahiers du Cinema.
8. _______30. NEEDS REF
9. Before 1870, no state required a lawyer to attend law school prior to sitting a bar exam, and only around half of the states required any formal preparation at all before taking the exam. Informal reading such as that depicted in the film, would be considered sufficient preparation to sit the bar exam. Alfred Z. Reed, Training for the Public Profession of the Law New York, (Original Publisher Unknown), 1921. Fn. 246-247. Qtd. In Mark Bailey, “Early legal Education in the United States: Natural Law Theory and Law as Moral Science.” Journal of Legal Education. Vol 48, No. 3. 311-328
11. Bailey, Mark. Op. cit. 322-323.
13. Brust, James M. “A Psychiatrist Looks at Mary Lincoln.” In Williams, Frank J.; Burkhimer, Michael. Mary Lincoln Enigma, The : Historians on America's Most Controversial First Lady. Southern Illinois University Press, 2012. 10 September 2013 <http://www.myilibrary.com?ID=372310>
14. Nugent, Frank. “Dr. Ehrlich’s Magic Bullet.” (review) The New York Times. 24 February, 1940.
15. ______”Abe Lincoln in Illinois.” (review) The New York Times. 23 February 1940.
16. Dean, Michelle. “Reconsidering Mary.” The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/culture/
17. _____”Saslly Field had to fight for her role in Lincoln”. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/08/
18. I have named Mary’s headaches “hysterical” because they operate here in the context of a common popular culture trope of 19th Century medicine that linked women’s illnesses to hysteria. Feminist historians have discussed how women’s reproductive systems became the focus of nineteenth century medicine, producing a morbid interest in ways that “fallen wombs” and other diagnoses of the time generated “hysterical” illnesses such as headaches, melancholy and other frailties associated with women.
19. Marcellus, Jane. “Nervous Women and Noble Savages: The Romanticized ‘Other’ in Nineteenth Century Patent Medicine Advertising.” Journal of Popular Culture 41:5 (September 2008) 795.
20. ______, “Damon Lindelof Admits Alice Eve Underwear Scene in Star Trek Was Gratuitous”. Huffington Post 21 May 2013.
21. Hare, Breeanna. “Yes, Hollywood, Women Do Go To Movies.” CNN Entertainment http://www.cnn.com/2009/SHOWBIZ/
22. Zeitchik, Steven. “The Heat Box-Office Success: How Groundbreaking Is It?” Los Angeles Times