1. The footnotes indicate texts we have found most teacherly. All are a useful place to start on the journey of political self-education. [return to text]

2. Angela Y. Davis, Are Prisons Obsolete? (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2003).
13th, documentary film directed by Ava DuVernay, 1h 40m, Netflix. DuVernay website: <https://twitter.com/AVAETC>

3. “By the turn of the twentieth century, every state in the South had laws on the books that disenfranchised blacks and discriminated against them in virtually every sphere of life, lending sanction to a racial ostracism that extended to schools, churches, housing, jobs, restrooms, hotels, restaurants, hospitals, orphanages, prisons, funeral homes, morgues, and cemeteries.” Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, (New York: The New Press, 2012), ebook, Chapter 1.

4. “Whiteness as Property,” Cheryl I. Harris, Harvard Law Review, June 1993, 106:8 , p. 1720.

5. George Lipsitz, The Possessive Investment in Whiteness: How White People Profit from Identity Politics (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2006), p. 165. See also Lipsitz, How Racism Takes Place (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2011) on place and race in the United States.

6. Andrew Hacker, Two Nations: Black and White, Separate, Hostile, Unequal (New York: Scribner, 2003). Ebook, Chapter Three: “Being Black in America.”

7. Richard Dyer, White: Essays on Race and Culture (New York: Routledge, 1997).

8. Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, From #BlackLivesMatter to Black Liberation (Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2016). Ebook: Chapter One. Taylor is citing a 2013 report by Institute on Assets and Social Policy, “The Roots of the Widening Racial Wealth Gap,” quoted in Jamelle Bouie, “The Crisis in Black Homeownership,” Slate, July 24, 2014.

9. Ava Du Vernay, dir., 13th.
Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow.
Angela Y. Davis, interviews, Abolition Democracy: Beyond Empire, Prisons and Torture (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2005). 
“One million black people are locked in cages in this country—one half of all people in prisons or jails,” Alicia Garza, “A Herstory of the #BlackLivesMatter Movement” < http://www.thefeministwire.com/2014/10/blacklivesmatter-2/>

10. blacklivesmatter.com. See also 8 min. video documentary filmmaker Sabrina Schmidt Gorden made with the three founders, How a hashtag defined a movment, at emergingus.com. < https://emergingus.com/how-a-hashtag-defined-a-movement-5efa7d755fab#.2seoqp28e>

13. Angela Y. Davis, “Feminism and Abolition: Theories and Practices for the Twenty First Century,” talk at The University of Chicago May 2013, reprinted in Freedom Is a Constant Struggle: Ferguson, Palestine, and the Foundations of a Movement (Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2016), chapter 8 <https://beyondcapitalismnow.wordpress.com/2013/08/08/angela-y-davis-feminism-and-abolition-theories-and-practices-for-the-21st-century/>

14. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/intersectionality
Kimberley Crenshaw, “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color,” Stanford Law Review 43:6 (July 1991), pp. 1241-1299.
Crenshaw is also co-founder of the African American Policy Forum, one of the organizations allied with #BlackLivesMatter and home of #SayHerName, #BlackGirlsMatter, and #WhyWeCantWait. < http://www.aapf.org/>

15. Dean Spade, "Intersectional Resistance and Law Reform," Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 38:4, 2012, p. 1032.

16. Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (New York: Picador, 2007); This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2015).