1. I will refer to Hillary Rodham Clinton as Clinton, fully aware that this is her husband’s name and that she is widely known as “Hillary” in popular discourse. The history of her name, like those of many women of her generation, including myself, is “complicated,” in the words of journalist Janell Ross writing in the Washington Post (“The Complicated History behind Hillary Clinton’s Evolving Name,” July 25, 2015). [return to page 1]

2. In using the first person pronoun to refer to women, I am acknowledging my own identity as a woman, not suggesting that I can or wish to speak for all women.

3. In 1968, she became the first black woman elected to the Congress represented her New York district for seven terms from 1969 to 1983. In 1972, she became the first black candidate for a major party's nomination for President and the first woman to run for the Democratic party’s presidential nomination.

4. Important scholarship already exists on superheroes and comics in general, including on Wonder Woman. In this paper, I am interested primarily in how the response to Jenkins’ version of Wonder Woman relates to other instances of female unruliness happening contemporaneously.

5. Roxane Gay, author of Hunger and other feminist books, and contributor to New York Times, gets to the heart of this debate by recounting her changing attitudes to The Cosby Show, crucial to her growing up as a black girl but irrevocably tainted once Cosby’s history of abusing women came to light. “Can I Enjoy but Denounce the Artist?” [return to page 2]

6. Meanwhile, by February 2018, the Robert Mueller investigation into Russian meddling in the election confirmed Russian influence in the election to intensify discord, sow skepticism about democratic institutions and favor the Putin-enamored Trump over Clinton.

7. With thanks to Ulrick Casimir.

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________. What Happened. Simon and Schuster, 2017.

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Gay, Roxanne. “Can I Enjoy the Art but Denounce the Artist?” Marie Claire, February 6, 2018.

Glover, Cameron. “Why Wonder Woman is Bittersweet for Black Women.”  Harpers Bazaar, June 9, 2017.

Hassan, Mehdi. “Top Democrats Are Wrong: Trump Supporters More Motivated by Racism than Economic Issues.” The Intercept, April 6, 2017.

Lang, Brent. “Number of Female Directors Falls Despite Diversity Debate, Says Study.” Variety, January 12, 2017.

Lepore, Jill. “Wonder Woman’s Unwinnable War.” The New Yorker, June 2, 2017.

­­­­­________. The Secret History of Wonder Woman.  New York: Knopf, 2014

Robinson, Lillian. Wonder Woman: Feminisms and Superheroes. Taylor and Francis, 20014.

Ross, Janell. “The Complicated History Behind Hillary Clinton’s Evolving Name.” The Washington Post, July 25, 2015.

Serwer, Adam. “The Nationalist’s Delusion.” The Atlantic, November, 2017.

Woerner, Meredith. “Why I Cried Through the Fight Scenes in Wonder Woman.” LA Times, June 5, 2017.

Ruiz, Michelle. “No, Hillary Clinton, the First Woman to Win a Major-Party Presidential Nomination, Does Not Need to Shut Up About It.” Vogue, September 11, 2017.

West, Lindy. “Brave Enough to be Angry.” New York Times, November 8, 2017.